5 Essential Lessons for Stock Market Beginners

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Written By Berry Mathew

Investing in stocks is a lucrative way to gain a return on your capital over time. Stocks are securities that you provide you with an ownership interest in a publicly listed company. You can buy and sell stocks on different exchanges such as NSE or BSE in the stock market. 

However, often, beginners plunge into the stock market without knowing how it works. As a result, they stand a chance to lose not only their gains but also their initial capital. To ensure you don’t fall into the same trap, educating yourself is important. Here are 5 essential lessons that every beginner entering the stock market should know.

1. Research Before You Invest

For good returns on investment, predicting how a stock will perform in the future requires a lot of analysis and study. You need to evaluate a company’s fundamental factors such as competitive advantages, management team, and financial statements and analyze crucial ratios including earnings per share (EPS), price-earnings ratio, and more. 

While investing, don’t rely on the historical stock’s performance only because it may not repeat in the same manner. So do your research and understand the market well before making the first move.

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2. Consider the Risk Factors

Investing in stocks has its own set of risks such as market risk. If not done diligently, you may lose your funds if the market takes an opposite turn. Thus, it is essential to have measures in place that can help you navigate challenging times. 

For example, instead of investing in a  single stock, you can invest in multiple stocks. It will help you avoid losses that can incur from investing in a single stock and provide you with diversification. 

Also, learn technical analysis to understand in-depth about how to leverage charts and numbers for making informed decisions. To learn this skill, stock market technical analysis courses offered by Upsurge.club can be an ideal choice. 

3. Avoid Short-Term Market Noise

Most beginners give up after their first loss in the stock market. However, understand that winning and losing are parts of investing. The aim should be to develop a long-term goal  and work on it with persistence and patience. 

Sometimes short-term market noise can lead your investment to go downhill, but if you see the long term, the picture is likely to be positive. 

For instance, take the example of the Global Financial Crisis of 2008, the market had hit terrible lows, but it recovered afterward. So focus on the long-term and don’t let short-term market fluctuations hamper your investment goals. 

4. Automate Your Investments 

Investing is not a one-time process. To build substantial wealth, you must keep investing over time. To avoid the hassle of manually separating an amount from your savings for investing, you can automate the investment process. 

For example, if mutual fund investments attract you, you can start a SIP where a certain amount that you have decided gets debited on a certain date from your bank account to the SIP account. This helps you approach your investment with consistency and discipline. 

5. Start Small and Focus on Long-Term Goals

While as a beginner, you may find your luck in gaining profit from short-term investments or trading, it is likely not going to repeat every time. Thus, it is important that you start by developing long-term goals for your investment and stick to them. 

If you still want to explore the short-term trading or investment path, start with a small amount and as you gain experience and learn from your mistakes, gradually increase the same. This way you will not lose much of your capital and still learn. 


Remember, stocks are not a one-time investment, you need to learn how they work and keep a long-term vision to build wealth over time. If you want to learn more about it, you can also enroll in Upsurge.club’s stock market course for beginners and kick-start your journey.