What Are the Main Causes and Warning Signs of Prediabetes?

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Written By Berry Mathew

Prediabetes is characterized as blood sugar levels that are greater than usual but not high enough to be diagnosed with diabetes. If left untreated, it can raise the likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes. Though it may display some symptoms, regular blood sugar level testing can accurately diagnose it. 

Make lifestyle changes that can successfully reverse prediabetes and prevent the formation of type 2 diabetes if you are at risk of acquiring diabetes. You can lower your risk of acquiring significant health difficulties by being proactive in managing your health. Get a hba1c test near me to contact the top diagnostic clinic for frequent check-ups.

In this article, we will discuss the leading causes and warning signs of prediabetes and some precautionary measures that help prevent prediabetes.

What Is Prediabetes?

When blood sugar levels are greater than usual but not high enough to qualify for type 2 diabetes, you have prediabetes. A prediabetes diagnosis indicates that the body is not utilizing insulin efficiently, which can develop insulin resistance and, eventually, type 2 diabetes. The good news is that lifestyle improvements like exercise and dietary modifications can prevent or treat prediabetes.

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Main Causes of Prediabetes

When you consume food, your pancreas releases insulin to facilitate the movement of sugar from your bloodstream to the cells, providing energy for your body. This hormone is also responsible for regulating your blood sugar levels. 

Prediabetes shares similar causes with diabetes but is at an earlier stage. The leading causes of prediabetes include 

  • Insulin resistance- where your cells fail to respond appropriately to insulin.
  • Increased Metabolic disturbance- a result of worsening hyperglycemia and insulin resistance. 

A healthy fasting blood glucose level is less than 99 mg/dL, while levels between 100 to 125 mg/dL indicate prediabetes. If levels exceed 125 mg/dL, you will receive a diabetes diagnosis. Regular screenings and healthy lifestyle changes can help prevent prediabetes from progressing to diabetes.

Warning Signs of Prediabetes

Here are some of the main warning signs of prediabetes that you should look out for: Increased thirst and frequent urination: This happens because your kidneys work harder to filter and absorb the excess sugar in your blood, which can cause you to feel thirsty and urinate more often.

  1. Fatigue and weakness: Prediabetes can lead to a lack of energy as your body struggles to convert sugar into energy effectively.
  2. Blurred vision: Excessive blood sugar levels might induce lens swelling, resulting in blurred vision.
  3. Slow-healing wounds: High blood sugar can slow your body’s natural healing process, making it harder for wounds to heal.
  4. Numbness or tingling sensations in your hands or feet: Excess sugar in your bloodstream can damage the nerves in your hands and feet, causing a tingling or numb sensation.
  5. Darkened skin: A common sign of prediabetes is darkened skin around the neck and armpit areas.
  6. Increased hunger: Prediabetes can cause hunger pangs even after eating, as your body struggles to process sugar effectively.
  7. Unintended weight loss or gain: Weight fluctuations might be an indication of prediabetes as your body tries to compensate for a lack of energy.
  8. Headaches: High blood sugar levels can lead to headaches and migraines, especially in individuals who are prone to them.

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Preventive Measures for Prediabetes

  1. Exercise

Regular exercise is one of the most effective methods to avoid prediabetes. Exercise helps to lower blood sugar levels and improve insulin sensitivity. The CDC recommends at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise per week.

  1. Diet Modification

Diet modification is another important preventive measure for prediabetes. A diet high in fiber, whole grains, vegetables, and fruits, and low in processed foods and sugar can aid in the prevention of prediabetes. Additionally, portion control and eating on a schedule can help to regulate blood sugar levels.

  1. Weight Loss

Weight loss is another important preventive measure for prediabetes. Losing just 5-7% of body weight can help to improve insulin sensitivity and prevent prediabetes from progressing to type 2 diabetes. A healthy weight can be achieved through a combination of diet and exercise.

  1. Regular Check-Ups

A diet high in fibre, whole grains, vegetables, and fruits and low in processed foods and sugar can aid in the prevention of prediabetes. Individuals over 45 should be screened for diabetes every three years.

  1. Medications

Medications may sometimes be necessary to prevent prediabetes from progressing to type 2 diabetes. These medications may include metformin, This aids in the reduction of blood sugar levels and the improvement of insulin sensitivity. However, it is essential to note that lifestyle modifications such as exercise and diet should always be the first line of defense against prediabetes. With this, if you’re not losing weight on Ozempic a prescription medication used for weight loss, may indicate the need for additional lifestyle changes or a different approach to your weight loss journey with the guidance of a healthcare professional.

Final Words

Prediabetes can be a precursor to serious health problems such as type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and stroke. Regular blood sugar testing and screening can prevent prediabetes from progressing into more severe health issues. Besides, incorporating lifestyle modifications such as regular physical activity, a healthy diet, and a healthy weight can effectively reverse prediabetes and reduce the risk of developing diabetes and its related complications. Taking proactive measures to manage your prediabetes can safeguard your health and well-being eventually.